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International Day for Energy Efficiency


The International Day for Energy Efficiency is celebrated on 5th March. Its goal is to acknowledge the importance that energy has in our lives and to think about its use as well as to encourage society to use renewable energies in order to limit those energies consisting of fossil fuel.

Long time ago, the main energy sources were animal and human strength and people used to warm up burning wood. Then, humans created machines powered by wind and water, for example, windmills and waterwheels to crush cereals. But revolution took place with the invention of the steam engine and since then, there has been an industrial and technological development that has drastically changed the sources of energy. Today we get energy from fossil fuel, that is petrol, carbon and gas.

However, the concept of “energetic crisis” has been recently introduced to our society. This concept explains the idea according to which the main sources of energy that we use today might run out and the consequences. Among them desertification, erosion and pollution of the planet, an increased concentration of gases causing the greenhouse effect and, in the long run, the climate change.

In order to celebrate the International Day for Energy Efficiency you can find some advice of responsible consumption to take care of the environment:

  1. Unplug all electronic devices when they are not being used. In stand-by mode they still consume energy, it can represent up until the 7% of our consumption.
  2. The ideal temperature of the fridge is between 3ºC and 5ºC. Extra cooling means a rise of the 5% in the consumption. As for the freeze, the ideal temperature is 15ºC below zero.
  3. Replace the incandescent and halogen bulbs by LED. This way, you save between 80% and 90% in your consumption.
  4. Take into account energy labels when you buy new appliances. They are classified in A+, A++ and A+++, depending on its level of saving.
  5. Use cold water or cool water when you do the washing-up. Use wash cycles of 30ºC or 40ºC and avoid those of 90ºC.
  6. Use the car as less as possible to reduce carbon emissions to the atmosphere, especially in short journeys.
  7. Use fabric or cloth bags, paper bags or even reusable plastic bags when you go shopping.
  8. Buy the content not the packaging. Most of the times we pay more for the packaging process and its disposal rather than for the content. Besides, it takes a long time to decompose, for example, it takes for a tetrapack 30 years to decompose, 100 years for plastic and 1000 years for batteries.

If we follow this piece of advice, we are moving forward to a rational consumption of energy and to sustainable development.

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